Synonyms/Hypernyms (Ordered by Estimated Frequency) of noun rough

1 sense of rough

Sense 1
rough -- (the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short)
       => site, land site -- (the piece of land on which something is located (or is to be located); "a good site for the school")

Synonyms/Hypernyms (Ordered by Estimated Frequency) of verb rough

1 sense of rough

Sense 1
rough in, rough, rough out -- (prepare in preliminary or sketchy form)
       => prepare -- (to prepare verbally, either for written or spoken delivery; "prepare a report"; "prepare a speech")

Antonyms of adj rough

14 senses of rough

Sense 1
rough (vs. smooth), unsmooth -- (having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face")

smooth (vs. rough) -- (having a surface free from roughness or bumps or ridges or irregularities; "smooth skin"; "a smooth tabletop"; "smooth fabric"; "a smooth road"; "water as smooth as a mirror")
        => creaseless, uncreased -- (used especially of fabrics; "uncreased trousers")
        => even-textured -- (having an even texture)
        => fast -- ((of surfaces) conducive to rapid speeds; "a fast road"; "grass courts are faster than clay")
        => fine-textured, smooth-textured -- (having a smooth, fine-grained structure)
        => glassy -- (resembling glass in smoothness and shininess and slickness; "the glassy surface of the lake"; "the pavement was...glassy with water"- Willa Cather)
        => seamless, unlined, unseamed -- (smooth, especially of skin; "his cheeks were unlined"; "his unseamed face")
        => streamlined, aerodynamic, flowing, sleek -- (designed or arranged to offer the least resistant to fluid flow; "a streamlined convertible")
        => velvet, velvety, velvet-textured -- (smooth and soft to sight or hearing or touch or taste)

Sense 2
rough -- ((of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse; "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners")

INDIRECT (VIA unrefined) -> refined -- ((used of persons and their behavior) cultivated and genteel; "she was delicate and refined and unused to hardship"; "refined people with refined taste")

Sense 3
approximate, approximative, rough -- (not quite exact or correct; "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate")

INDIRECT (VIA inexact) -> exact -- (marked by strict and particular and complete accordance with fact; "an exact mind"; "an exact copy"; "hit the exact center of the target")

Sense 4
rocky, rough -- (full of hardship or trials; "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time")

INDIRECT (VIA difficult) -> easy -- (posing no difficulty; requiring little effort; "an easy job"; "an easy problem"; "an easy victory"; "the house is easy to heat"; "satisfied with easy answers"; "took the easy way out of his dilemma")

Sense 5
boisterous, fierce, rough -- (violently agitated and turbulent; "boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas")

INDIRECT (VIA stormy) -> calm -- ((of weather) free from storm or wind; "calm seas")

Sense 6
grating, gravelly, rasping, raspy, rough, scratchy -- (unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound; "a gravelly voice")

INDIRECT (VIA cacophonous) -> euphonious, euphonous -- (having a pleasant sound; "a euphonious trill of silver laughter")

Sense 7
pugnacious, rough -- (ready and able to resort to force or violence; "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men")

INDIRECT (VIA aggressive) -> unaggressive, nonaggressive -- (not aggressive; not given to fighting or assertiveness)

Sense 8
rough (vs. smooth) -- (of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped)

smooth (vs. rough) -- (of the margin of a leaf shape; not broken up into teeth)
        => entire -- ((of leaves or petals) having a smooth edge; not broken up into teeth or lobes)
        => repand -- (having a slightly undulating margin)
        => sinuate -- (having a strongly waved margin alternately concave and convex)
        => undulate -- (having a wavy margin and rippled surface)
        => unnotched, untoothed -- (having no notches)

Sense 9
rough (vs. smooth), rocky, bumpy, jolty, jolting, jumpy -- (causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements; "a rough ride")

smooth (vs. rough) -- (of motion that runs or flows or proceeds without jolts or turbulence; "a smooth ride")

Sense 10
uncut (vs. cut), rough -- (not shaped by cutting or trimming; "an uncut diamond"; "rough gemstones")


Sense 11
crude, rough -- (not carefully or expertly made; "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry")

INDIRECT (VIA unskilled) -> skilled -- (having or showing or requiring special skill; "only the most skilled gymnasts make an Olympic team"; "a skilled surgeon has many years of training and experience"; "a skilled reconstruction of her damaged elbow"; "a skilled trade")

Sense 12
rough -- (not perfected; "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches")

INDIRECT (VIA unpolished) -> polished -- (perfected or made shiny and smooth; "his polished prose"; "in a freshly ironed dress and polished shoes"; "freshly polished silver")

Sense 13
harsh, rough -- (unpleasantly stern; "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous")

INDIRECT (VIA unpleasant) -> pleasant -- (affording pleasure; being in harmony with your taste or likings; "we had a pleasant evening together"; "a pleasant scene"; "pleasant sensations")

Sense 14
harsh, rough -- (unkind or cruel or uncivil; "had harsh words"; "a harsh and unlovable old tyrant"; "a rough answer")

INDIRECT (VIA unkind) -> kind -- (having or showing a tender and considerate and helpful nature; used especially of persons and their behavior; "kind to sick patients"; "a kind master"; "kind words showing understanding and sympathy"; "thanked her for her kind letter")

Similarity of adj rough

14 senses of rough

Sense 1
rough (vs. smooth), unsmooth -- (having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face")
       => abrasive, scratchy -- (causing abrasion)
       => alligatored, cracked -- (of paint or varnish; having the appearance of alligator hide)
       => barky -- (resembling the rough bark of a tree; "the rattlesnake's barky scales")
       => broken, rugged -- (topographically very uneven; "broken terrain"; "rugged ground")
       => bullate -- (of leaves; appearing puckered as if blistered)
       => bumpy -- (covered with or full of bumps; "a bumpy country road")
       => chapped, cracked, roughened -- (used of skin roughened as a result of cold or exposure; "chapped lips")
       => corded, twilled -- (of textiles; having parallel raised lines)
       => costate, ribbed -- ((of the surface) having a rough, riblike texture)
       => cragged, craggy, hilly, mountainous -- (having hills and crags; "hilly terrain")
       => crushed -- (treated so as to have a permanently wrinkled appearance; "crushed velvet")
       => homespun (predicate), nubby, nubbly, slubbed, tweedy -- (of textiles; having a rough surface; "a sweater knitted of nubbly homespun yarns")
       => imbricate, imbricated -- (used especially of leaves or bracts; overlapping or layered as scales or shingles)
       => lepidote, leprose, scabrous, scaly, scurfy -- (rough to the touch; covered with scales or scurf)
       => squamulose -- (covered with tiny scales)
       => lined, seamed -- ((used especially of skin) marked by lines or seams; "their lined faces were immeasurably sad"; "a seamed face")
       => pocked, pockmarked, potholed -- (used of paved surfaces having holes or pits)
       => rock-ribbed, rockbound -- (abounding in or bordered by rocky cliffs or scarps; "the rock-ribbed coast of Maine")
       => rocky, bouldery, bouldered, stony -- (abounding in rocks or stones; "rocky fields"; "stony ground"; "bouldery beaches")
       => gravelly, pebbly, shingly -- (abounding in small stones; "landed at a shingly little beach")
       => roughish -- (somewhat rough)
       => rugose -- (of leaves; ridged or wrinkled)
       => sandpapery -- (having the abrasive texture of sandpaper)
       => saw-like -- (having rough edges that can be used for sawing)
       => scabby -- (covered with scabs)
       => shagged, shaggy -- (having a very rough nap or covered with hanging shags; "junipers with shagged trunks"; "shaggy rugs")
       => textured, rough-textured, coarse-textured -- (having surface roughness; "a textured wall of stucco"; "a rough-textured tweed")
       => verrucose, warty, wartlike -- ((of skin) covered with warts or projections that resemble warts)
          Also See-> coarse#1, harsh#3; irregular#1; nonslippery#1; uneven#1; unironed#1, wrinkled#2; unpolished#1

Sense 2
rough -- ((of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse; "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners")
       => unrefined (vs. refined) -- ((used of persons and their behavior) not refined; uncouth; "how can a refined girl be drawn to such an unrefined man?")

Sense 3
approximate, approximative, rough -- (not quite exact or correct; "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate")
       => inexact (vs. exact) -- (not exact)

Sense 4
rocky, rough -- (full of hardship or trials; "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time")
       => difficult (vs. easy), hard -- (not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure; "a difficult task"; "nesting places on the cliffs are difficult of access"; "difficult times"; "why is it so hard for you to keep a secret?")

Sense 5
boisterous, fierce, rough -- (violently agitated and turbulent; "boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas")
       => stormy (vs. calm) -- ((especially of weather) affected or characterized by storms or commotion; "a stormy day"; "wide and stormy seas")

Sense 6
grating, gravelly, rasping, raspy, rough, scratchy -- (unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound; "a gravelly voice")
       => cacophonous (vs. euphonious), cacophonic -- (having an unpleasant sound; "as cacophonous as a henyard"- John McCarten)

Sense 7
pugnacious, rough -- (ready and able to resort to force or violence; "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men")
       => aggressive (vs. unaggressive) -- (having or showing determination and energetic pursuit of your ends; "an aggressive businessman"; "an aggressive basketball player"; "he was aggressive and imperious; positive in his convictions"; "aggressive drivers")

Sense 8
rough (vs. smooth) -- (of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped)
       => bidentate -- (having toothlike projections that are themselves toothed)
       => biserrate -- (having saw-like notches with the notches themselves similarly notched)
       => ciliate, ciliated -- (having a margin or fringe of hairlike projections)
       => crenate, crenated, scalloped -- (having a margin with rounded scallops)
       => crenulate, crenulated -- (having a margin with small rounded teeth; "a crenulate leaf")
       => crispate -- (wavy or notched and curled very irregularly)
       => dentate -- (having toothlike projections in the margin)
       => denticulate -- (having a very finely toothed margin)
       => emarginate -- (having a notched tip)
       => erose, jagged, jaggy, notched, toothed -- (having an irregularly notched or toothed margin as though gnawed)
       => fimbriate -- (having a fringe of slender processes)
       => fringed, laciniate -- (having edges irregularly and finely slashed; "a laciniate leaf")
       => lacerate, lacerated -- (irregularly slashed and jagged as if torn; "lacerate leaves")
       => pectinate -- (like a comb)
       => rimose -- (having a surface covered with a network of cracks and small crevices; "a tree with rimose bark")
       => runcinate -- (having incised margins with the lobes or teeth pointing toward the base; as dandelion leaves)
       => serrate, serrated, saw-toothed, toothed, notched -- (notched like a saw with teeth pointing toward the apex)
       => serrulate -- (minutely serrated)
       => spinose -- (having spines)
          Also See-> simple#6, unsubdivided#1; compound#1

Sense 9
rough (vs. smooth), rocky, bumpy, jolty, jolting, jumpy -- (causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements; "a rough ride")

Sense 10
uncut (vs. cut), rough -- (not shaped by cutting or trimming; "an uncut diamond"; "rough gemstones")
       => unsheared -- ((used especially of fur or wool) not having been sheared; "unsheared beaver")

Sense 11
crude, rough -- (not carefully or expertly made; "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry")
       => unskilled (vs. skilled) -- (not having or showing or requiring special skill or proficiency; "unskilled in the art of rhetoric"; "an enthusiastic but unskillful mountain climber"; "unskilled labor"; "workers in unskilled occupations are finding fewer and fewer job opportunities"; "unskilled workmanship")

Sense 12
rough -- (not perfected; "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches")
       => unpolished (vs. polished) -- (not carefully reworked or perfected or made smooth by polishing; "dull unpolished shoes")

Sense 13
harsh, rough -- (unpleasantly stern; "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous")
       => unpleasant (vs. pleasant) -- (disagreeable to the senses, to the mind, or feelings ; "an unpleasant personality"; "unpleasant repercussions"; "unpleasant odors")

Sense 14
harsh, rough -- (unkind or cruel or uncivil; "had harsh words"; "a harsh and unlovable old tyrant"; "a rough answer")
       => unkind (vs. kind) -- (lacking kindness; "a thoughtless and unkind remark"; "the unkindest cut of all")

Synonyms of adv rough

2 senses of rough

Sense 1
roughly, rough -- (with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly'); "he was pushed roughly aside"; "they treated him rough")

Sense 2
roughly, rough -- (with rough motion as over a rough surface; "ride rough")

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