Synonyms/Hypernyms (Ordered by Estimated Frequency) of verb refine

6 senses of refine

Sense 1
polish, refine, fine-tune, down -- (improve or perfect by pruning or polishing; "refine one's style of writing")
       => better, improve, amend, ameliorate, meliorate -- (to make better; "The editor improved the manuscript with his changes")

Sense 2
complicate, refine, rarify, elaborate -- (make more complex, intricate, or richer; "refine a design or pattern")
       => change, alter, modify -- (cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue")

Sense 3
refine -- (treat or prepare so as to put in a usable condition; "refine paper stock"; "refine pig iron"; "refine oil")
       => process, treat -- (subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition; "process cheese"; "process hair"; "treat the water so it can be drunk"; "treat the lawn with chemicals" ; "treat an oil spill")

Sense 4
refine, rectify -- (reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state; separate from extraneous matter or cleanse from impurities; "refine sugar")
       => purify, sublimate, make pure, distill -- (remove impurities from, increase the concentration of, and separate through the process of distillation; "purify the water")

Sense 5
refine -- (attenuate or reduce in vigor, strength, or validity by polishing or purifying; "many valuable nutrients are refined out of the foods in our modern diet")
       => attenuate -- (become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude)

Sense 6
refine -- (make more precise or increase the discriminatory powers of; "refine a method of analysis"; "refine the constant in the equation")
       => change, alter, modify -- (cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue")

Antonyms of adj refined

5 senses of refined

Sense 1
refined (vs. unrefined) -- ((used of persons and their behavior) cultivated and genteel; "she was delicate and refined and unused to hardship"; "refined people with refined taste")

unrefined (vs. refined) -- ((used of persons and their behavior) not refined; uncouth; "how can a refined girl be drawn to such an unrefined man?")
        => agrestic -- ((of behavior) rustic and uncouth; "the agrestic behavior of a country boy")
        => artless, uncultivated, uncultured -- ((of persons) lacking art or knowledge)
        => boorish, loutish, neanderthal, neandertal, oafish, swinish -- (ill-mannered and coarse and contemptible in behavior or appearance; "was boorish and insensitive"; "the loutish manners of a bully"; "her stupid oafish husband"; "aristocratic contempt for the swinish multitude")
        => coarse, common, rough-cut, uncouth, vulgar -- (lacking refinement or cultivation or taste; "he had coarse manners but a first-rate mind"; "behavior that branded him as common"; "an untutored and uncouth human being"; "an uncouth soldier--a real tough guy"; "appealing to the vulgar taste for violence"; "the vulgar display of the newly rich")
        => crass -- ((of persons) so unrefined as to be lacking in discrimination and sensibility)
        => ill-bred, bounderish, lowbred, rude, underbred, yokelish -- ((of persons) lacking in refinement or grace)
        => low -- (unrefined in character; "low comedy")
        => robust -- (rough and crude; "a robust tale")
        => rough -- ((of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse; "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners")
        => rough-spoken -- (rude or uncouth in speech)
        => ungentlemanly, ungentlemanlike -- (not befitting a gentleman)
        => unladylike -- (lacking the behavior or manner or style considered proper for a lady)

Sense 2
refined (vs. unrefined), processed -- (freed from impurities by processing; "refined sugar"; "refined oil"; "to gild refined gold"- Shakespeare)

unrefined (vs. refined), unprocessed, crude -- (not refined or processed; "unrefined ore"; "crude oil")

Sense 3
polished, refined, svelte, urbane -- (showing a high degree of refinement and the assurance that comes from wide social experience; "his polished manner"; "maintained an urbane tone in his letters")

INDIRECT (VIA sophisticated) -> naive, naif -- (marked by or showing unaffected simplicity and lack of guile or worldly experience; "a teenager's naive ignorance of life"; "the naive assumption that things can only get better"; "this naive simple creature with wide friendly eyes so eager to believe appearances")

Sense 4
elegant, graceful, refined -- (suggesting taste, ease, and wealth)

INDIRECT (VIA gracious) -> ungracious -- (lacking charm and good taste; "an ungracious industrial city"; "this curt summary is not meant to be ungracious"; "ungracious behavior")

Sense 5
neat, refined, tasteful -- (free from what is tawdry or unbecoming; "a neat style"; "a neat set of rules"; "she hated to have her neat plans upset")

INDIRECT (VIA elegant) -> inelegant -- (lacking in refinement or grace or good taste)

Similarity of adj refined

5 senses of refined

Sense 1
refined (vs. unrefined) -- ((used of persons and their behavior) cultivated and genteel; "she was delicate and refined and unused to hardship"; "refined people with refined taste")
       => civilized, civilised, cultivated, cultured, genteel, polite -- (marked by refinement in taste and manners; "cultivated speech"; "cultured Bostonians"; "cultured tastes"; "a genteel old lady"; "polite society")
       => couth -- ((used facetiously) refined)
       => dainty, mincing, niminy-piminy, prim, twee -- (affectedly dainty or refined)
       => debonair, debonaire, debonnaire, suave -- (having a sophisticated charm; "a debonair gentleman")
       => finespun, delicate -- (developed with extreme delicacy and subtlety; "the satire touches with finespun ridicule every kind of human pretense")
       => gentlemanlike, gentlemanly -- (befitting a man of good breeding; "gentlemanly behavior")
       => ladylike -- (befitting a woman of good breeding; "ladylike manners")
       => patrician -- (befitting a person of noble origin; "a patrician nose")
       => overrefined, superfine -- (excessively delicate or refined)
       => well-bred, well-mannered -- (of good upbringing)
          Also See-> civilized#1, civilised#1; elegant#1; fastidious#1; gracious#1; polished#1

Sense 2
refined (vs. unrefined), processed -- (freed from impurities by processing; "refined sugar"; "refined oil"; "to gild refined gold"- Shakespeare)

Sense 3
polished, refined, svelte, urbane -- (showing a high degree of refinement and the assurance that comes from wide social experience; "his polished manner"; "maintained an urbane tone in his letters")
       => sophisticated (vs. naive) -- (having or appealing to those having worldly knowledge and refinement and savoir-faire; "sophisticated young socialites"; "a sophisticated audience"; "a sophisticated lifestyle"; "a sophisticated book")

Sense 4
elegant, graceful, refined -- (suggesting taste, ease, and wealth)
       => gracious (vs. ungracious) -- (characterized by charm, good taste, and generosity of spirit; "gracious even to unexpected visitors"; "gracious living"; "he bears insult with gracious good humor")

Sense 5
neat, refined, tasteful -- (free from what is tawdry or unbecoming; "a neat style"; "a neat set of rules"; "she hated to have her neat plans upset")
       => elegant (vs. inelegant) -- (refined and tasteful in appearance or behavior or style; "elegant handwriting"; "an elegant dark suit"; "she was elegant to her fingertips"; "small churches with elegant white spires"; "an elegant mathematical solution--simple and precise and lucid")

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