Synonyms/Hypernyms (Ordered by Estimated Frequency) of noun close

3 senses of close

Sense 1
stopping point, finale, finis, finish, last, conclusion, close -- (the temporal end; the concluding time; "the stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell"; "the market was up at the finish"; "they were playing better at the close of the season")
       => end, ending -- (the point in time at which something ends; "the end of the year"; "the ending of warranty period")

Sense 2
conclusion, end, close, closing, ending -- (the last section of a communication; "in conclusion I want to say...")
       => section, subdivision -- (a self-contained part of a larger composition (written or musical); "he always turns first to the business section"; "the history of this work is discussed in the next section")

Sense 3
finale, close, closing curtain, finis -- (the concluding part of any performance)
       => finish, finishing -- (the act of finishing; "his best finish in a major tournament was third"; "the speaker's finishing was greeted with applause")

Antonyms of verb close

5 of 17 senses of close

Sense 1
close, shut -- (move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut; "Close the door"; "shut the window")
       Antonym of open (Sense 1)
      => open, open up -- (cause to open or to become open; "Mary opened the car door")

Sense 2
close, shut -- (become closed; "The windows closed with a loud bang")
       Antonym of open (Sense 3)
      => open, open up -- (become open; "The door opened")

Sense 3
close up, close, fold, shut down, close down -- (cease to operate or cause to cease operating; "The owners decided to move and to close the factory"; "My business closes every night at 8 P.M."; "close up the shop")
       Antonym of open (Sense 2)
      => open, open up -- (start to operate or function or cause to start operating or functioning; "open a business")

Sense 4
close -- (finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.); "The meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board")
       Antonym of open (Sense 4)
      => open -- (begin or set in action, of meetings, speeches, recitals, etc.; "He opened the meeting with a long speech")

Sense 9
close -- (cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop)
       Antonym of open (Sense 11)
      => open -- (display the contents of a file or start an application as on a computer)

Synonyms/Hypernyms (Ordered by Estimated Frequency) of verb close

17 senses of close

Sense 1
close, shut -- (move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut; "Close the door"; "shut the window")

Sense 2
close, shut -- (become closed; "The windows closed with a loud bang")
       => change state, turn -- (undergo a transformation or a change of position or action; "We turned from Socialism to Capitalism"; "The people turned against the President when he stole the election")

Sense 3
close up, close, fold, shut down, close down -- (cease to operate or cause to cease operating; "The owners decided to move and to close the factory"; "My business closes every night at 8 P.M."; "close up the shop")

Sense 4
close -- (finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.); "The meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board")
       => end, terminate -- (bring to an end or halt; "She ended their friendship when she found out that he had once been convicted of a crime"; "The attack on Poland terminated the relatively peaceful period after WW I")

Sense 5
conclude, close -- (come to a close; "The concert closed with a nocturne by Chopin")
       => end, stop, finish, terminate, cease -- (have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical; "the bronchioles terminate in a capillary bed"; "Your rights stop where you infringe upon the rights of other"; "My property ends by the bushes"; "The symphony ends in a pianissimo")

Sense 6
close -- (complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement; "We closed on the house on Friday"; "They closed the deal on the building")
       => end, terminate -- (bring to an end or halt; "She ended their friendship when she found out that he had once been convicted of a crime"; "The attack on Poland terminated the relatively peaceful period after WW I")

Sense 7
close -- (be priced or listed when trading stops; "The stock market closed high this Friday"; "My new stocks closed at $59 last night")
       => trade -- (be traded at a certain price or under certain conditions; "The stock traded around $20 a share")

Sense 8
close -- (engage at close quarters; "close with the enemy")
       => prosecute, engage, pursue -- (carry out or participate in an activity; be involved in; "She pursued many activities"; "They engaged in a discussion")

Sense 9
close -- (cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop)
       => end, terminate -- (be the end of; be the last or concluding part of; "This sad scene ended the movie")

Sense 10
close -- (change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact)
       => move -- (move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right")

Sense 11
close, come together -- (come together, as if in an embrace; "Her arms closed around her long lost relative")
       => move -- (move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right")

Sense 12
close -- (draw near; "The probe closed with the space station")
       => approach, near, come on, go up, draw near, draw close, come near -- (move towards; "We were approaching our destination"; "They are drawing near"; "The enemy army came nearer and nearer")

Sense 13
close -- (bring together all the elements or parts of; "Management closed ranks")
       => join, bring together -- (cause to become joined or linked; "join these two parts so that they fit together")

Sense 14
close -- (bar access to; "Due to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours")
       => barricade, block, blockade, stop, block off, block up, bar -- (render unsuitable for passage; "block the way"; "barricade the streets"; "stop the busy road")

Sense 15
close, fill up -- (fill or stop up; "Can you close the cracks with caulking?")
       => fill -- (plug with a substance; "fill a cavity")

Sense 16
close up, close -- (unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of; "close the circuit"; "close a wound"; "close a book"; "close up an umbrella")
       => join, bring together -- (cause to become joined or linked; "join these two parts so that they fit together")

Sense 17
close -- (finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead; "The relief pitcher closed with two runs in the second inning")
       => complete, finish -- (come or bring to a finish or an end; "He finished the dishes"; "She completed the requirements for her Master's Degree"; "The fastest runner finished the race in just over 2 hours; others finished in over 4 hours")

Antonyms of adj close

15 senses of close

Sense 1
close (vs. distant) -- (at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other; "close to noon"; "how close are we to town?"; "a close formation of ships")

distant (vs. close) -- (separated in space or coming from or going to a distance; "distant villages"; "the sound of distant traffic"; "a distant sound"; "a distant telephone call")
        => deep -- (very distant in time or space; "deep in the past"; "deep in enemy territory"; "deep in the woods"; "a deep space probe")
        => extreme -- (most distant in any direction; "the extreme edge of town")
        => far-flung -- (remote; "far-flung corners of the Empire")
        => long-distance -- (covering a long distance; "a long-distance runner"; "a long-distance freight train"; "she ran off with a long-distance truck driver")
        => nonadjacent -- (not adjacent; not next)
        => out-of-town -- (happening in or being of another town or city; "an out-of-town tryout"; "an out-of-town school")
        => yonder, yon -- (distant but within sight (`yon' is dialectal); "yonder valley"; "the hills yonder"; "what is yon place?")

Sense 2
close (vs. distant) -- (close in relevance or relationship; "a close family"; "we are all...in close sympathy with..."; "close kin"; "a close resemblance")

distant (vs. close), remote -- (far apart in relevance or relationship or kinship ; "a distant cousin"; "a remote relative"; "a distant likeness"; "considerations entirely removed (or remote) from politics")
        => faraway -- (far removed mentally; "a faraway (or distant) look in her eyes")
        => loosely knit -- (having only distant social or legal ties; "a loosely knit group")
        => removed (predicate) -- (separated in relationship by a given degree of descent; "a cousin once removed")
        => ulterior -- (beyond or outside an area of immediate interest; remote; "a suggestion ulterior to the present discussion"; "without...any purpose, immediate or ulterior"- G.B.Shaw)

Sense 3
near (vs. far), close, nigh -- (not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances; "near neighbors"; "in the near future"; "they are near equals"; "his nearest approach to success"; "a very near thing"; "a near hit by the bomb"; "she was near tears"; "she was close to tears"; "had a close call")


Sense 4
close -- (rigorously attentive; strict and thorough; "close supervision"; "paid close attention"; "a close study"; "kept a close watch on expenditures")

INDIRECT (VIA careful) -> careless -- (marked by lack of attention or consideration or forethought or thoroughness; not careful; "careless about her clothes"; "forgotten by some careless person"; "a careless housekeeper"; "careless proofreading"; "it was a careless mistake"; "hurt by a careless remark")

Sense 5
close, faithful -- (marked by fidelity to an original; "a close translation"; "a faithful copy of the portrait"; "a faithful rendering of the observed facts")

INDIRECT (VIA accurate) -> inaccurate -- (not exact; "an inaccurate translation"; "the thermometer is inaccurate")

Sense 6
close, tight -- ((of a contest or contestants) evenly matched; "a close contest"; "a close election"; "a tight game")

INDIRECT (VIA equal) -> unequal -- (poorly balanced or matched in quantity or value or measure)

Sense 7
close, confining -- (crowded; "close quarters")

INDIRECT (VIA confined) -> unconfined -- (not confined)

Sense 8
airless, close, stuffy, unaired -- (lacking fresh air; "a dusty airless attic"; "the dreadfully close atmosphere"; "hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke")

INDIRECT (VIA unventilated) -> ventilated -- (exposed to air; "a well ventilated room")

Sense 9
close, tight -- (of textiles; "a close weave"; "smooth percale with a very tight weave")

INDIRECT (VIA fine) -> coarse, harsh -- (of textures that are rough to the touch or substances consisting of relatively large particles; "coarse meal"; "coarse sand"; "a coarse weave")

Sense 10
close -- (strictly confined or guarded; "kept under close custody")

INDIRECT (VIA restrained) -> unrestrained -- (not subject to restraint; "unrestrained laughter")

Sense 11
close -- (confined to specific persons; "a close secret")

INDIRECT (VIA private) -> public -- (not private; open to or concerning the people as a whole; "the public good"; "public libraries"; "public funds"; "public parks"; "a public scandal"; "public gardens"; "performers and members of royal families are public figures")

Sense 12
close, snug, close-fitting -- (fitting closely but comfortably; "a close fit")

INDIRECT (VIA tight) -> loose -- (not tight; not closely constrained or constricted or constricting; "loose clothing"; "the large shoes were very loose")

Sense 13
close -- (used of hair or haircuts; "a close military haircut")

INDIRECT (VIA short) -> long -- (primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified; "a long road"; "a long distance"; "contained many long words"; "ten miles long")

Sense 14
cheeseparing, close, near, penny-pinching, skinny -- (giving or spending with reluctance; "our cheeseparing administration"; "very close (or near) with his money"; "a penny-pinching miserly old man")

INDIRECT (VIA stingy) -> generous -- (willing to give and share unstintingly; "a generous donation")

Sense 15
close, closelipped, closemouthed, secretive, tightlipped -- (inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information; "although they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it")

INDIRECT (VIA uncommunicative) -> communicative, communicatory -- (able or tending to communicate; "was a communicative person and quickly told all she knew"- W.M.Thackeray)

Similarity of adj close

15 senses of close

Sense 1
close (vs. distant) -- (at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other; "close to noon"; "how close are we to town?"; "a close formation of ships")
       => adjacent, next, side by side (predicate) -- (nearest in space or position; immediately adjoining without intervening space; "had adjacent rooms"; "in the next room"; "the person sitting next to me"; "our rooms were side by side")
       => ambient -- (completely enveloping; "the ambient air"; "ambient sound"; "the ambient temperature")
       => appressed, adpressed -- (pressed close to or lying flat against something; "adpressed hairs along the plant's stem"; "igneous rocks...closely appressed by this force"-L.V.Pirsson)
       => approximate, close together (predicate) -- (located close together; "with heads close together"; "approximate leaves grow together but are not united")
       => at hand (predicate), close at hand (predicate), imminent, impendent, impending -- (close in time; about to occur; "retribution is at hand"; "some people believe the day of judgment is close at hand"; "in imminent danger"; "his impending retirement")
       => at hand (predicate), close at hand (predicate) -- (close in space; within reach; "the town is close at hand")
       => close-hauled -- (having the sails trimmed for sailing as close to the wind as possible)
       => close-set (prenominal), close set (predicate) -- (set close together; "close-set eyes"; "close-set teeth"; "her eyes are close set")
       => contiguous, immediate -- (very close or connected in space or time; "contiguous events"; "immediate contact"; "the immediate vicinity"; "the immediate past")
       => encompassing (prenominal), surrounding (prenominal), circumferent -- (closely encircling; "encompassing mountain ranges"; "the surrounding countryside")
       => enveloping (prenominal) -- (surrounding and closing in on or hemming in; "the army's enveloping maneuver")
       => hand-to-hand -- (being at close quarters; "hand-to-hand fighting")
       => juxtaposed -- (placed side by side often for comparison; "juxtaposed pictures")
       => nestled, snuggled -- (drawn or pressed close to someone or something for or as if for affection or protection; "saw a number of small houses nestled against the hillside"; "like a baby snuggled in its mother's arms")
       => proximate -- (very close in space or time; "proximate words"; "proximate houses")
       => scalelike -- (reduced to a small appressed thing that resembles a scale; "scalelike leaves")
       => walk-to (prenominal), walking (prenominal) -- (close enough to be walked to; "walking distance"; "the factory with the big parking lot...is more convenient than the walk-to factory")

Sense 2
close (vs. distant) -- (close in relevance or relationship; "a close family"; "we are all...in close sympathy with..."; "close kin"; "a close resemblance")
       => approximate, near -- (very close in resemblance; "sketched in an approximate likeness"; "a near likeness")
       => boon -- (very close and convivial; "boon companions")
       => chummy, buddy-buddy, thick (predicate) -- ((used informally) associated on close terms; "a close friend"; "the bartender was chummy with the regular customers"; "the two were thick as thieves for months")
       => close-knit, closely knit -- (held together as by social or cultural ties; "a close-knit family"; "close-knit little villages"; "the group was closely knit")
       => confidential -- (denoting confidence or intimacy; "a confidential approach"; "in confidential tone of voice")
       => cozy -- (suggesting connivance; "a cozy arrangement with the police")
       => dear, good, near -- (with or in a close or intimate relationship; "a good friend"; "my sisters and brothers are near and dear")
       => familiar, intimate -- (having mutual interests or affections; of established friendship; "on familiar terms"; "pretending she is on an intimate footing with those she slanders")
       => intimate -- (marked by close acquaintance, association, or familiarity; "intimate friend"; "intimate relations between economics, politics, and legal principles" - V.L. Parrington)

Sense 3
near (vs. far), close, nigh -- (not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances; "near neighbors"; "in the near future"; "they are near equals"; "his nearest approach to success"; "a very near thing"; "a near hit by the bomb"; "she was near tears"; "she was close to tears"; "had a close call")
       => adjacent -- (near or close to but not necessarily touching; "lands adjacent to the mountains"; "New York and adjacent cities")
       => nearby -- (close at hand; "the nearby towns"; "concentrated his study on the nearby planet Venus")
       => warm -- (of a seeker; near to the object sought; "you're getting warm"; "hot on the trail")
       => hot -- (of a seeker; very near to the object sought; "you are hot")

Sense 4
close -- (rigorously attentive; strict and thorough; "close supervision"; "paid close attention"; "a close study"; "kept a close watch on expenditures")
       => careful (vs. careless) -- (exercising caution or showing care or attention; "they were careful when crossing the busy street"; "be careful to keep her shoes clean"; "did very careful research"; "careful art restorers"; "careful of the rights of others"; "careful about one's behavior")

Sense 5
close, faithful -- (marked by fidelity to an original; "a close translation"; "a faithful copy of the portrait"; "a faithful rendering of the observed facts")
       => accurate (vs. inaccurate) -- (conforming exactly or almost exactly to fact or to a standard or performing with total accuracy; "an accurate reproduction"; "the accounting was accurate"; "accurate measurements"; "an accurate scale")

Sense 6
close, tight -- ((of a contest or contestants) evenly matched; "a close contest"; "a close election"; "a tight game")
       => equal (vs. unequal) -- (having the same quantity, value, or measure as another; "on equal terms"; "all men are equal before the law")

Sense 7
close, confining -- (crowded; "close quarters")
       => confined (vs. unconfined) -- (not free to move about)

Sense 8
airless, close, stuffy, unaired -- (lacking fresh air; "a dusty airless attic"; "the dreadfully close atmosphere"; "hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke")
       => unventilated (vs. ventilated) -- (not ventilated; "stuffy unventilated rooms")

Sense 9
close, tight -- (of textiles; "a close weave"; "smooth percale with a very tight weave")
       => fine (vs. coarse) -- (of textures that are smooth to the touch or substances consisting of relatively small particles; "wood with a fine grain"; "fine powdery snow"; "fine rain"; "batiste is a cotton fabric with a fine weave"; "covered with a fine film of dust")

Sense 10
close -- (strictly confined or guarded; "kept under close custody")
       => restrained (vs. unrestrained) -- (under restraint)

Sense 11
close -- (confined to specific persons; "a close secret")
       => private (vs. public) -- (confined to particular persons or groups or providing privacy; "a private place"; "private discussions"; "private lessons"; "a private club"; "a private secretary"; "private property"; "the former President is now a private citizen"; "public figures struggle to maintain a private life")

Sense 12
close, snug, close-fitting -- (fitting closely but comfortably; "a close fit")
       => tight (vs. loose) -- (closely constrained or constricted or constricting; "tight skirts"; "he hated tight starched collars"; "fingers closed in a tight fist"; "a tight feeling in his chest")

Sense 13
close -- (used of hair or haircuts; "a close military haircut")
       => short (vs. long) -- ((primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length; "short skirts"; "short hair"; "the board was a foot short"; "a short toss")

Sense 14
cheeseparing, close, near, penny-pinching, skinny -- (giving or spending with reluctance; "our cheeseparing administration"; "very close (or near) with his money"; "a penny-pinching miserly old man")
       => stingy (vs. generous), ungenerous -- (unwilling to spend; "she practices economy without being stingy"; "an ungenerous response to the appeal for funds")

Sense 15
close, closelipped, closemouthed, secretive, tightlipped -- (inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information; "although they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it")
       => uncommunicative (vs. communicative), incommunicative -- (not inclined to talk or give information or express opinions)

Synonyms of adv close

2 senses of close

Sense 1
near, nigh, close -- (near in time or place or relationship; "as the wedding day drew near"; "stood near the door"; "don't shoot until they come near"; "getting near to the true explanation"; "her mother is always near"; "The end draws nigh"; "the bullet didn't come close"; "don't get too close to the fire")

Sense 2
close, closely, tight -- (in an attentive manner; "he remained close on his guard")

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