Antonyms of verb shorten

2 of 5 senses of shorten

Sense 1
shorten -- (make shorter than originally intended; reduce or retrench in length or duration; "He shortened his trip due to illness")
       Antonym of lengthen (Sense 1)
      => lengthen -- (make longer; "Lengthen this skirt, please")

Sense 4
shorten -- (become short or shorter; "In winter, the days shorten")
       Antonym of lengthen (Sense 2)
      => lengthen -- (become long or longer; "In Spring, the days lengthen")

Synonyms/Hypernyms (Ordered by Estimated Frequency) of verb shorten

5 senses of shorten

Sense 1
shorten -- (make shorter than originally intended; reduce or retrench in length or duration; "He shortened his trip due to illness")
       => reduce, cut down, cut back, trim, trim down, trim back, cut, bring down -- (cut down on; make a reduction in; "reduce your daily fat intake"; "The employer wants to cut back health benefits")

Sense 2
abridge, foreshorten, abbreviate, shorten, cut, contract, reduce -- (reduce in scope while retaining essential elements; "The manuscript must be shortened")
       => decrease, lessen, minify -- (make smaller; "He decreased his staff")

Sense 3
shorten -- (make short or shorter; "shorten the skirt"; "shorten the rope by a few inches")
       => change, alter, modify -- (cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue")

Sense 4
shorten -- (become short or shorter; "In winter, the days shorten")
       => decrease, diminish, lessen, fall -- (decrease in size, extent, or range; "The amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester"; "The cabin pressure fell dramatically"; "her weight fell to under a hundred pounds"; "his voice fell to a whisper")

Sense 5
bowdlerize, bowdlerise, expurgate, castrate, shorten -- (edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate; "bowdlerize a novel")
       => abridge, foreshorten, abbreviate, shorten, cut, contract, reduce -- (reduce in scope while retaining essential elements; "The manuscript must be shortened")

Antonyms of adj shortened

4 senses of shortened

Sense 1
sawed-off, sawn-off, shortened -- (cut short; "a sawed-off shotgun"; "a sawed-off broomstick"; "the shortened rope was easier to use")

INDIRECT (VIA short) -> long -- (primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified; "a long road"; "a long distance"; "contained many long words"; "ten miles long")

Sense 2
abbreviated, shortened, truncated -- (cut short in duration; "the abbreviated speech"; "her shortened life was clearly the result of smoking"; "an unsatisfactory truncated conversation")

INDIRECT (VIA short) -> long -- (primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively great or greater than average duration or passage of time or a duration as specified; "a long life"; "a long boring speech"; "a long time"; "a long friendship"; "a long game"; "long ago"; "an hour long")

Sense 3
telescoped, shortened -- (shortened by or as if by means of parts that slide one within another or are crushed one into another; "a miracle that anyone survived in the telescoped cars"; "years that seemed telescoped like time in a dream")

INDIRECT (VIA short) -> long -- (primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified; "a long road"; "a long distance"; "contained many long words"; "ten miles long")

Sense 4
cut, shortened -- (with parts removed; "the drastically cut film")

INDIRECT (VIA abridged) -> unabridged -- ((used of texts) not shortened; "an unabridged novel")

Similarity of adj shortened

4 senses of shortened

Sense 1
sawed-off, sawn-off, shortened -- (cut short; "a sawed-off shotgun"; "a sawed-off broomstick"; "the shortened rope was easier to use")
       => short (vs. long) -- ((primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length; "short skirts"; "short hair"; "the board was a foot short"; "a short toss")

Sense 2
abbreviated, shortened, truncated -- (cut short in duration; "the abbreviated speech"; "her shortened life was clearly the result of smoking"; "an unsatisfactory truncated conversation")
       => short (vs. long) -- (primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration; "a short life"; "a short flight"; "a short holiday"; "a short story"; "only a few short months")

Sense 3
telescoped, shortened -- (shortened by or as if by means of parts that slide one within another or are crushed one into another; "a miracle that anyone survived in the telescoped cars"; "years that seemed telescoped like time in a dream")
       => short (vs. long) -- ((primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length; "short skirts"; "short hair"; "the board was a foot short"; "a short toss")

Sense 4
cut, shortened -- (with parts removed; "the drastically cut film")
       => abridged (vs. unabridged) -- ((used of texts) shortened by condensing or rewriting; "an abridged version")

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